Australian centre for genomic epidemiological microbiology

  Contact : +61 2 4640 6333

About us

NSW DPI EMAI facilities
UTS Science facilities
ithree institute laboratories

Infectious diseases and the causative pathogens are trans-boundary in nature and do not respect state or national borders and thus require both national and international approaches for their effective management.

3 Important Factors

In disease emergence

The world has become a vast global village with a potential for rapid inter-continental disease transmission health.

Recognised as causing severe ecological disturbance with attendant movements of, and changed relationships between, people, wildlife and disease vectors.

Most novel emerging disease originates in wildlife and can infect domestic animals with a subsequent threat to human health.

Infectious and parasitic diseases pose a direct hazard to animals, plants and human health but also threaten food security, through their effects on food producing animals, consumable plants and on the environment due in part to their threat to wildlife and ecological diversity. Many factors, mostly associated with human activities, contribute to disease emergence.

Recent examples of zoonotic disease outbreaks, including Ebola in West Africa, SARS, Nipah virus in Malaysia and Chikungunyah virus in Indonesia, exemplify the proximity of ongoing emergence and re-emergence of infectious diseases, in countries close to Australia’s borders. The evolution of more virulent and/or more easily transmissible forms of these pathogens would bring about devastating effects on the region that Australia could not avoid. Collectively, these emerging and zoonotic infectious diseases and the non-zoonotic diseases of animals and plants pose a clear threat to the health and economic prosperity of the nation.